Firstly, it resulted in a strategic win for Jacinda and all Kiwis living in Australia under visa subclass 444 rules who lost employment due to Covid-19 and were going to have to return to NZ or starve. https://www.odt.co.nz/news/australia/kiwis-living-aussie-able-get-coronavirus-financial-aid Kiwis who arrived in Australia after 26 Feb 2001 are defined as a subclass and automatically given a visa to allow them to work (but not benefit from any taxes they pay). https://www.seekvisa.com.au/special-category-visa-subclass-444/ This discrimination only applies to New Zealanders (who typically earn more and pay higher taxes in Australia than Australians of the same age). Australians in New Zealand are eligible for the same rights and benefits as any New Zealand citizen. New Zealand still abides by the 1983 CER free trade agreement even if Australia doesn't Historically, many foreign nationals didn't take up Australian citizenship because they were required to renounce their foreign citizenship and surrender their passport to do so.