I agree that jobs as we knew them years ago are gone. The collapse of the Australian manufacturing industry has a lot to do with it. But there are jobs are out there. Personal ability, awareness, and knowing people helps ……. I think the modern term is ‘networking’ ? University is the new dole. Ask a year 12 student what they are going to do after school ….. “Go to uni” ….. to do what ? “Depends on my TER score” I have a mate that I worked casual for after I retired. He pays above award rates, has a clean, air-conned workshop that has parking, and is accessible by public transport. The work is not hard, but requires attention to detail and being right first up. He has trouble with young staff wanting to look at their phones all day, talk TV related crap, and are selective about what jobs they perform. In short, they just don’t want to put in. He has never fired a worker, they just quit when they get ‘bored’ and need/want a holiday. When they turn up a couple of months later looking for work again … too late. My son is a qualified sparky. He quit the electrical engineering certificate, and the trade 20 years ago, because he didn’t like being told to do dirty, hands-on jobs. He has farnarkled about in dead end jobs, and maybe now he is realising that he is too old to get back into the trade, has accumulated nothing during his life, and is running out of time to achieve what he should have done back when.